Preparation is the basis for every ski tour. But no matter how informed you are, avalanches are unpredictable and can happen at any time. It is therefore particularly important to be familiar with the various procedures in the event of an avalanche.
An avalanche transceiver check should be carried out at the beginning of every ski tour, because with the help of an avalanche transceiver, buried people can be located and subsequently found more easily. A distinction is made between the simple LVS check and the double check.
Search for buried victims
Rescuing comrades is the most important rescue measure on ski tours far away from slopes or other infrastructure. In emergency situations, it is important to know procedures and what to do. It therefore makes sense to practice the process of an avalanche transceiver search a few times every winter. Here are the facts that matter.
First aid on the mountain
In an emergency, every minute counts. Just like when searching for buried victims, all steps should be taken when providing first aid. To refresh your knowledge, we have summarized the processes for you together with the Tyrol Mountain Rescue Service.
An avalanche accident is a race against time. The first 15 minutes after an avalanche burial have the greatest chance of rescuing the buried person alive. If the burial time is in the range of 15 to 35 minutes, mortality increases to 60 percent. During this time interval, most buried victims die of suffocation due to blocked airways.
After rescuing comrades, first aid follows on site. The top priority is to clear the victim's airways as quickly as possible. The emergency algorithm is then applied according to the ABCDE scheme, distinguishing between three scenarios.
We would like to thank our partners for their helpful support in researching and preparing the avalanche knowledge.